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Legal Opinions on Camp Liberty

Legal Opinions on Camp Liberty

Experts on international and refugee law strongly argue that although transfer of the residents of Camp Ashraf to Camp Liberty follows from a Memorandum of Understanding concluded on December 25 between the UNSG Special Representative for Iraq and the Iraqi Government, and despite the Secretary-General referring to it as a “voluntary relocation”, one can hardly deny that this amounts to forcible and unacceptable displacement in violation of the rights of the residents. In view of the intense pressure and forcible measures that were used against them, including three military operations directed against Camp Ashraf and three missile attacks on the camp in late December 2011. The MOU also was concluded without the knowledge and agreement of either the residents of Ashraf or their representatives and the present manipulated version appears only to provide minimal assurances that are not even respected by the Iraqi authorities.
World class legal experts are adamant that rights of the residents of Liberty are trampled on in different areas, namely: Lack of adequate living conditions, no freedom of movement, confiscating all the assets of the residents….not to mention two reports of the UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detentions, describing the camp as an illegal detention center while UNAMI and UNHCR call the camp as a Temporary Transit Location (TTL). This is however denied by refugee law experts since according to their opinion a TTL is a place of short stay for refugees not more than several weeks at most.

 

Guy Goodwin-Gill is a barrister and a professor of public international law at Oxford University and a Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford.
1. I am asked to advise further on the protection status of the residents of ‘Camp Liberty’. This opinion can be read together with earlier…
Guy S. Goodwin-Gill,Barrister, Blackstone Chambers, London
The case of the refugees in Camps Ashraf and Liberty Introduction I have been asked to advise on international legal and institutional aspects of the…
Ad Melkert, former Special Representative of the UN Secretary General for Iraq
By Ad Melkert, Special Representative of the UN Secretary General for Iraq -2009-2011 Tahar Boumedra, Chief of UNAMI Human Rights Office and Representative of the…

External Links

Two Misguided Reports

  • HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH Report
    HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH Report
    On 18 May 2005, the US based Human Rights Watch (“HRW”) issued a 28-page report (“the HRW Report”) concerning the People's Mojahedin Organisation of Iran (“PMOI / MEK”).  Entitled ‘No Exit: Human Rights Abuses Inside the MKO Camps’, the HRW Report was essentially based on 12 hours of telephone interviews with 12…
  • Courting Disaster, A response to Rand report on People’s Mujahedin Organization of Iran
    Courting Disaster, A response to Rand report on People’s Mujahedin Organization of Iran
    The RAND National Defense Research Institute published in July 2009 the report The Mujahedin-e Khalq: A Policy Conundrum for the Multi-National Force-Iraq, Task Force 134 (Detainee Operations). The report focuses on the circumstances surrounding the detention of the Mujahedin-e Khalq (MeK) at Camp Ashraf and “whether MeK members were taken into custody…