Legal Opinions on Camp Liberty
Experts on international and refugee law strongly argue that although transfer of the residents of Camp Ashraf to Camp Liberty follows from a Memorandum of Understanding concluded on December 25 between the UNSG Special Representative for Iraq and the Iraqi Government, and despite the Secretary-General referring to it as a “voluntary relocation”, one can hardly deny that this amounts to forcible and unacceptable displacement in violation of the rights of the residents. In view of the intense pressure and forcible measures that were used against them, including three military operations directed against Camp Ashraf and three missile attacks on the camp in late December 2011. The MOU also was concluded without the knowledge and agreement of either the residents of Ashraf or their representatives and the present manipulated version appears only to provide minimal assurances that are not even respected by the Iraqi authorities.
World class legal experts are adamant that rights of the residents of Liberty are trampled on in different areas, namely: Lack of adequate living conditions, no freedom of movement, confiscating all the assets of the residents….not to mention two reports of the UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detentions, describing the camp as an illegal detention center while UNAMI and UNHCR call the camp as a Temporary Transit Location (TTL). This is however denied by refugee law experts since according to their opinion a TTL is a place of short stay for refugees not more than several weeks at most.