Legal Status of Ashraf residents
In the aftermath of US invasion of Iraq in 2003, and voluntarily consolidation of arms and personnel of PMOI in Camp Ashraf, various US agencies, including the State, Defense, Justice, Treasury, and Homeland Security Departments as well as the CIA, FBI, and Defense Intelligence Agency, investigated the Camp Ashraf residents. The 16-month investigation included exhaustive interviews with each resident. American investigators concluded there was no evidence that any of the residents had ever committed an act of terrorism. Based on the results of the investigation, Coalition Forces officially recognized residents of Camp Ashraf as “protected persons” under the Fourth Geneva Convention.
|Agreement signed by every each PMOI member. Subsequent to that, the MNF-I issued "Protected Person"-Card to each PMOI member||
Proclamation of PMOI members' status as "Protected Persons" under Fourth Geneva Convention by MNF-I Commander
In a letter to Camp Ashraf residents on October 7, 2005, Major General William
Brandenburg, on behalf of Multi-National Force-Iraq (MNF-I), reaffirmed the “protected persons” status of the residents and reviewed in detail their rights and protections under international law, including that “they have the right to refuse to return to their country of nationality, regardless of their legal status in the country in which they are protected.” Major General Brandenburg went on to reaffirm that these rights “cannot be renounced, either by the Residents of Camp Ashraf or by Coalition Forces.” This restatement of their rights was drawn from the Fourth Geneva Convention.