Terrorism continues to be a concern for the Albanian intelligence and anti-terrorism structures, even at the local level, despite the fact that in our country there have been no genuine terrorist acts. Two organizations that violate security are Al Qaeda and the Islamic State, known as ISIS, as well as Iran, as the region is targeted through propaganda, calls and incitement by supporters of terrorist acts. According to the state intelligence service, terrorism can also have a diplomatic mask, for intelligent gatherings and planning terrorist acts. For this reason, in December 2018, our country expelled the Iranian ambassador to Tirana, Gholamhossein Mohammadnia, and the diplomat of this embassy, Mostafa Roudaki. They are suspected of being part of a network that would attack the US embassy in Baghdad, but also of the fact that our country became part of Ayatollah's threats because it shelters about 3,000 Mojahedins, members of the Iranian opposition in exile. While in 2019, our country expelled Mohamed Peimanemati,[Arzpeyma] advisor to the Iranian embassy in Tirana, and Seyed Ahmed Hosseini Alast, cultural attaché, who were allegedly in direct contact with the former chief of Quds Force, General Ghasem Sulejmani, killed by the United States in January this year. Alast, meanwhile, was also involved in the Shirazi Cultural Foundation. The use of socio-cultural organizations is another shield for espionage activities, according to intelligence services. Also in 2019, the Albanian Antiterrorism revealed an Iranian terrorist cell, which had planned to carry out terrorist attacks in our country during the day of the celebration of Nowruz (New Year) in Tirana, in 2018 against the Mojahedin.
On the other hand, what endangers Albania is the fact that, as the Secret Services say, our country continues to be a transit country for the passage of illegal immigrants, who then want to go to Europe, and occasionally use false documents. The first case of using this road for terrorist purposes was by Resul Mislaev, a Russian citizen who had fought alongside ISIS, and was declared wanted by Interpol for terrorist acts, but was detained at the border in July 2018. While in February of this year, he was extradited according to the law, to Russia.