By Brian Booker, Digital Journal
Tuesday, 22 March 2016
Washington - A resolution has been introduced in Congress to provide protection and security for the residents of Camp Liberty in Baghdad, Iraq. The residents are exiles from Iran and have been attacked numerous times by pro-Iranian forces.
Representative Ted Poe (R-TX) has introduced a resolution aimed at “Providing for the safety and security of the Iranian dissidents living in Camp Liberty/Hurriya in Iraq and awaiting resettlement by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, and permitting use of their own assets to assist in their resettlement.”
When the resolution was filed, House Foreign Affairs Committee Chairman Ed Royce made it clear that he intended, “to move that bill through the committee and off of the floor of the House of Representatives.” This bill is a major step forward in the long struggle to provide security for the residents of Camp “Liberty” just outside of the Iraqi airport.
The resolution acknowledges the history of the residents, and specifically the United States' duty to protect them. The resolution also urges the United States to support the resettlement process, which would see the residents of the camp moved to third party countries.
The residents are members of the Mujahedeen al Khalq (MEK), an Iranian dissident group that has long opposed the theocracy that now controls Iran. The members of the MEK are currently trapped in a small section of Camp Liberty near the Baghdad International Airport. The camp itself has come under attack numerous times by Iraqis, possibly including Iraqi military personnel.
In fact, the residents have repeatedly been attacked since 2009. In seven deadly assaults, 140 residents lost their lives and more than 1,300 have been wounded. The most recent, a missile attack in October 2015, killed 24 residents.
These attacks came even in spite of reassurances from both the United States government and the Iraqi government that the residents of the camp will be protected. Having already disarmed, the residents of the camp have no way to protect themselves, and with the U.S. military having largely withdrawn from Iraq, their fate lies almost entirely in the hands of the Iraqi government. The Iraqi government, however, has fallen largely under the control of Iran, the MEK's primary enemy.
The MEK remains a controversial group. There are reports linking the group to attacks on Americans within Iran in the early 1970's though the MEK has noted that its historical leader, Massoud Rajavi, and virtually all other members of its leadership were in jail at the time. According to the MEK, the attacks were the work of a group of self-styled Marxists, who also murdered senior members of the MEK itself. This claim is corroborated by a study conducted by Ambassador Lincoln Bloomfield, Jr. who was the Assistant Secretary of State for Political-Military Affairs. The Mujahedin-E Khalq (MEK): Shackled by a Twisted History, was published by the University of Baltimore.
Further, in a House briefing on March 17th Chairman Royce defended the need to protect the group, “who assisted in protecting American lives from those who were bringing IEDs in to try to kill soldiers, U.S. soldiers … And our responsibility today is to see that we address not just their safety and security, but also, we have an investigation with respect to those who caused those attacks, those who collaborated with the agents of the Iranian regime in order to kill those MEK members.”
Either way, the residents of Camp Liberty now find themselves in a perilous situation. The Camp's residents, having been forced to entrust their security to the Iraqi government, are at risk of further attacks being carried out by the Iranian government and its proxies.
Previously, the United States has promised to protect the dissidents as part of a deal to get them to disarm. Specifically, the U.S. government promised to protect them until their final disposition. So far, however, the American government has arguably failed to live up to these assurances, as is evident by the continued attacks on camps Ashraf and Liberty. The bi-partisan resolution proposed by Rep. Poe, however, would be a major step forward towards ensuring the safety of the residents of Camp Liberty.