In the wake of the US invasion of Iraq in 2003 and Iranians being allowed to visit sacred Shiite sanctities in Iraq, many families of Ashraf residents in Iran took advantage of the opportunity and began visiting Ashraf to see their loved ones after many years of separation. Under the excuse of visiting Shiite sanctities and tourist trips to Iraq, they visited Ashraf without knowledge of the Iranian regime and MOIS officials. Of course, some of these family members upon their return to Iran were arrested, tortured and even executed like Ali Saremi, Jaffar Kazemi, Mohammad-Ali Aghaii and others. Amnesty International and other international human rights organizations have reported some of these cases. Hundreds of family visits continued from 2003 to 2009 when Ashraf was under the control of US forces and the residents’ family members were able to stay as guests for as long as they wished in Ashraf’s “Hotel Iran”, built for this very purpose. However, as soon as Camp Ashraf file was transferred from US forces to al-Maliki government in 2009 – at behest of the Iranian regime – all visitors including families were immediately banned and returned back. In early 2009, tens of Ashraf residents’ families were arrested in Tehran International Airport while intending to pay a visit to their relatives in Ashraf. The families did not dare to visit Ashraf from inside Iran because there was no doubt in their minds their names would be handed over to the Iranian regime immediately and they will face arrestment upon their return. In the early 2010, the Iraqi Prime Minister Office in cooperation with the Iranian Embassy in Baghdad arranged the so-called “family visits” of some Iranian government-operated NGO to destabilize Ashraf. Number of MOIS agents assisted by the Iraqi army and under the guise of “family members”, set up camp at the main gate of Ashraf, fixing nine loudspeakers to the Gate’s metal frame to broadcast aggressive messages to the residents. Soon, it became obvious that those claimed to be families of Ashraf residents, were actually either PMOI defectors or agents, dispatched by MOIS. Only a small number of them had relatives in Ashraf who were used to cover up the regime’s plan. Over a period of two years, the loudspeakers multiplied to reach 320 units at the four wings of the camp’s perimeter fence, blaring threats and insults day and night at the residents, to torture them and destroy any chance of rest. It is noteworthy that such method is used as yet inside the Iranian regime’s prisons in order to break down political prisoners. Nevertheless, the psychological torture continued for 677 days until the MoU was signed and Ashraf residents were displaced in the early 2012.