Legal opinion On the prevention of acts of torture against the residents of Ashraf Camp

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The constant warnings about expulsion coupled with repeated threats of execution and incitement to murder and the serious restrictions placed on access to the most essentials, including  medical  care,  constitute  a  manifest  case  of  psychological  torture  against  the residents of Ashraf. This is particularly the case because last July, Iraqi forces attacked the Camp, killing several residents and wounding hundreds. In this context, the current threats about  another  attack  have  the  effect  of  a  psychological  threat.  The  1984  UN  torture Convention defines torture as "any act by which severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, is intentionally inflicted on a person [Š]" (Art. 1, par. 1).

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